Decorative Moulding 101
18 Wednesday Jul 2012
architectural elements, base moulding, Casing, chair rail, Cove Moulding, crown moulding, decorative molding, decorative moulding, decorative trim, moulding ideas, trims, wall moulding, wall trim, wood trim, wood trim moulding
I have to say, I absolutely love love love decorative moulding!! I’m talking crown moulding, base moulding, chair rail, casing you name I love it….I love it all. Ok, I admit it, I am addicted. The transformation that moulding can make to the interior design and architectural elements of a room is quite amazing to say the least; it can drastically transform a plain boring room into a room full of character and charm…but wait, that’s not all…Moulding can also be used to enhance the look of kitchen cabinets or to add elegance and details to furniture such as an old armoire or dresser. There are so many uses for moulding and not only does decorative moulding increase the aesthetic look of a room but it can also increase the value of your home, so whether you’re looking to add enjoyment to your current living space or you’re looking to stage your home for selling purposes moulding is a great inexpensive way to give your home that something extra. Now here is the tricky part, if you are new to moulding it can be a little confusing and at times overwhelming, so I want to take this time to introduce you to the different types and styles of moulding and what each type is used for.
Decorative moulding and trim can be made from different materials including various types of wood (pine, spruce, oak, birch, etc.), plaster or synthetic materials. Moulding and trim that is made from wood is sturdier and can be coped so you can get perfect inside and outside corners whereas synthetic trim is lightweight and sometimes easier to put up; however due to the material you can’t cope the corners, you have to miter them so if your walls aren’t exactly 90 degrees (and most of them aren’t) you will have a gap at the corners where the moulding meets and will need to use caulk to fill in the gaps. You can purchase mouldings in a variety of finishes including unfinished, prefinished with stain and varnish or overlaid with a vinyl wood grain print.
Types of Trims
The most common types of interior trim are chair rails, wainscoting and raised panel molding on walls, casings around windows, baseboards where the walls meet the floor and cornice trim where the walls meet the ceiling.
Cornice molding – Cornice moulding is positioned at the tops of a wall where the ceiling and wall come together. Cornice moulding is used to fill the gap between the wall and the ceiling hiding the imperfections if they don’t meet at a perfect angle. Cornice is also used to enhance the architectural elements and aesthetic look of a room. There are two types of cornice moulding crown moulding and cove moulding.
- Crown Moulding – Crown moulding is the most popular type of cornice moulding and can be used in more ways than you can imagine. The most known way to use crown moulding is at the top of the wall where the wall and ceiling meet; however what you may not know is crown moulding can also be used in a number of decorative ways you can install it atop kitchen cabinets or armoires to create added details, frame a fireplace creating an overmantel, add decorative shelves and so much more. Crown moulding is an amazing way to transform a room and is my personal favorite type of moulding.
- Cove Moulding – Cove moulding is the other type of cornice moulding. Cove moulding is also used where the wall and ceiling meets but it can also be used at the bottom of the wall as a baseboard. Cove moulding has a concave profile and is often used as inside corner guards or to hide joints. Cove moulding like crown moulding can also be used in a number of other ways for instance, you can use cove moulding when building bookcases, window boxes and cabinets.
Chair rail molding – Chair rail, also known as dado rail is a linear moulding that is usually installed at 1/3 of the wall’s total height and creates a divide on the wall. Generally chair rail is installed on the wall at a height of 36″. Chair Rail serves a functional purpose as it keeps doorknobs and chairs and most furniture from bumping and scratching the wall. In addition, people use chair rail for decorative purposes; chair rail can be used alone or in conjunction with wallpaper, wainscoting or paneling.
Ogee Panel Moulding – ogee panel moulding is traditionally used to create a panel effect often seen on internal doors or used to create shadow box wainscoting; however it can also provide a finishing touch to walls and furniture.
Base molding – Base mouldings are used where the floor and walls meet. Baseboard moulding is essentially in every room of your home; it forms a visual foundation adding character to a room and is often used to fill the gap if the walls are slightly uneven. In addition, base moulding functionally protects the walls.
Quarter Round – goes around the perimeter of your floor anywhere it meets a wall. It can also be used as decorative trim around cabinets, paneling and a variety of other places
Casing – Casing is used to trim interior and exterior door and window openings; casing is also used at the baseboard where the wall and floor meet. In addition, casing can used to “frame” other types of wall fixtures including fireplace mantels and overmantels as well as other miscellaneous openings.